Toni Morrison (eigentlich Chloe Ardelia Wofford; * Februar in Lorain, Ohio; † 5. August in New York City) war eine US-amerikanische. Klassiker der Literaturgeschichte Toni Morrisons Roman „Menschenkind“ – Leidensweg einer Sklavin. STAND: , Uhr. Toni Morrison war eine US-amerikanische Schriftstellerin. Sie zählt zu den bedeutendsten Vertretern der afroamerikanischen Literatur und erhielt als erste afroamerikanische Autorin den Literaturnobelpreis.
Toni MorrisonAn starken Stimmen fehlte es der afroamerikanischen Literatur im Jahrhundert nicht. Aber Toni Morrison stiess neue Türen auf, erschloss. Toni Morrison war eine US-amerikanische Schriftstellerin. Sie zählt zu den bedeutendsten Vertretern der afroamerikanischen Literatur und erhielt als erste afroamerikanische Autorin den Literaturnobelpreis. Was nicht heißt, dass Toni Morrison ausschließlich „dicke Wälzer“ verfasst hätte. Ihr Erstling, der Roman „The bluest eye“ erschien und.
Toni Morrisons Navigation menu VideoToni Morrison interview on her Life and Career (1990)
Hovedoppgaven skrev hun om selvmord i verker av William Faulkner og Virginia Woolf. Morrison skrev en rekke romaner med skildringer av den svarte befolkningens liv i USA.
Hennes roman Elskede fra ble i filmatisert med Oprah Winfrey i hovedrollen. Morrison ble i tildelt Presidentens frihetsmedalje.
Tar Baby was published in Beloved won the Pulitzer Prize in Jazz was published in and Paradise followed in Meanwhile, Morrison worked as writer-in-residence at the State University of New York, first at Stony Brook and later at Albany, before moving on to Princeton University in New Jersey.
Morrison's novels are carefully written to produce poetic phrases and strong emotional responses from her readers.
Her characters try to understand the truth about the world they live in. The subjects she writes about include good and evil, love and hate, beauty and ugliness, friendship, and death.
Beloved, a story about life after slavery, is considered Morrison's masterpiece. In , when she won the Nobel Prize for Literature for the body of her work, the Nobel Commit tee cited Beloved as Morrison's outstanding work.
In she received a Medal for Dis tinguished Contribution to American Letters from the National Book Foundation. In Morrison's first children's book, The Big Box, was published.
She worked on the book together with her son Slade. The story is a dark look at childhood in America that pushes children and parents to take a new look at the rules and values that make up their lives.
The book shows the ways in which well-meaning adults sometimes block children's independence and creativity. The critically acclaimed Beloved , which won a Pulitzer Prize for fiction, is based on the true story of a runaway slave who, at the point of recapture, kills her infant daughter in order to spare her a life of slavery.
A film adaptation of the novel was released in and starred Oprah Winfrey. In addition, Morrison wrote the libretto for Margaret Garner , an opera about the same story that inspired Beloved.
Subsequent novels were Paradise , a richly detailed portrait of a Black utopian community in Oklahoma, and Love , an intricate family story that reveals the myriad facets of love and its ostensible opposite.
A Mercy deals with slavery in 17th-century America. In the redemptive Home , a traumatized Korean War veteran encounters racism after returning home and later overcomes apathy to rescue his sister.
In God Help the Child , Morrison chronicled the ramifications of child abuse and neglect through the tale of Bride, a Black girl with dark skin who is born to light-skinned parents.
A work of criticism , Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literary Imagination , was published in Denard and The Source of Self-Regard: Selected Essays, Speeches, and Meditations Morrison's versatility and technical and emotional range appear to know no bounds.
If there were any doubts about her stature as a pre-eminent American novelist, of her own or any other generation, Beloved will put them to rest.
Baker Jr. STATEMENT, reprinted at aalbc. Edited by Mel Watkins and Jay David. Black Arts Movement. From a James Baldwin eulogy to her thoughts on Martin Luther King Jr.
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Subscribe Sign In My Account Sign Out. Type keyword s to search. Deborah Feingold Getty Images. Author, book editor, and professor Toni Morrison has died at the age of The Pulitzer and Nobel Prize-winner was a beacon in African-American culture, having penned countless works in her lifetime.
Here, we list all of Toni Morrison's books, in addition to her last work published before her death. Related Stories.
No song, no literature, no poem full of vitamins, no history connected to experience that you can pass along to help us start strong?
Think of our lives and tell us your particularized world. Make up a story. In , the National Endowment for the Humanities selected Morrison for the Jefferson Lecture , the U.
The third novel of her Beloved Trilogy, Paradise , about citizens of an all-black town, came out in The following year, Morrison was on the cover of Time magazine, making her only the second female writer of fiction and second black writer of fiction to appear on what was perhaps the most significant U.
Also in , the movie adaptation of Beloved was released, directed by Jonathan Demme and co-produced by Oprah Winfrey , who had spent ten years bringing it to the screen.
Winfrey also stars as the main character, Sethe, alongside Danny Glover as Sethe's lover, Paul D, and Thandie Newton as Beloved. The movie flopped at the box office.
A review in The Economist suggested that "most audiences are not eager to endure nearly three hours of a cerebral film with an original storyline featuring supernatural themes, murder, rape and slavery.
Its linchpin is of course Oprah Winfrey, who had the clout and foresight to bring 'Beloved' to the screen and has the dramatic presence to hold it together.
In , television talk-show host Oprah Winfrey selected Song of Solomon for her newly launched Book Club , which became a popular feature on her Oprah Winfrey Show.
Winfrey selected a total of four of Morrison's novels over six years, giving Morrison's novels a bigger sales boost than they got from her Nobel Prize win in Winfrey said, "For all those who asked the question 'Toni Morrison again?
I say with certainty there would have been no Oprah's Book Club if this woman had not chosen to share her love of words with the world.
Morrison continued to explore new art forms when she returned to Margaret Garner's life story, the basis of her novel Beloved , to write the libretto for a new opera, Margaret Garner.
In , Morrison put together a children's book called Remember to mark the 50th anniversary of the Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court decision in that declared racially segregated public schools to be unconstitutional.
From to , Morrison was an Andrew D. White Professor-at-Large at Cornell University. In June , the University of Oxford awarded Morrison an honorary Doctor of Letters degree.
In , The New York Times Book Review named Beloved the best work of American fiction published in the previous 25 years, as chosen by a selection of prominent writers, literary critics, and editors.
Scott said: "Any other outcome would have been startling, since Morrison's novel has inserted itself into the American canon more completely than any of its potential rivals.
With remarkable speed, 'Beloved' has, less than 20 years after its publication, become a staple of the college literary curriculum, which is to say a classic.
This triumph is commensurate with its ambition, since it was Morrison's intention in writing it precisely to expand the range of classic American literature, to enter, as a living black woman, the company of dead white males like Faulkner , Melville , Hawthorne and Twain.
Morrison's novel A Mercy , released in , is set in the Virginia colonies of Diane Johnson , in her review in Vanity Fair , called A Mercy "a poetic, visionary, mesmerizing tale that captures, in the cradle of our present problems and strains, the natal curse put on us back then by the Indian tribes, Africans, Dutch, Portuguese, and English competing to get their footing in the New World against a hostile landscape and the essentially tragic nature of human experience.
From until her retirement in , Morrison held the Robert F. Goheen Chair in the Humanities at Princeton University.
Though based in the Creative Writing Program at Princeton, Morrison did not regularly offer writing workshops to students after the late s, a fact that earned her some criticism.
Rather, she conceived and developed the Princeton Atelier, a program that brings together students with writers and performing artists.
Together the students and the artists produce works of art that are presented to the public after a semester of collaboration. Inspired by her curatorship at the Louvre Museum, Morrison returned to Princeton in fall to lead a small seminar, also entitled "The Foreigner's Home".
On November 17, , Princeton University dedicated Morrison Hall a building previously called West College in her honor.
In May , Morrison appeared at PEN World Voices for a conversation with Marlene van Niekerk and Kwame Anthony Appiah about South African literature , and specifically van Niekerk's novel Agaat.
Morrison wrote books for children with her younger son, Slade Morrison, who was a painter and a musician. Slade died of pancreatic cancer on December 22, , aged In May , Morrison received an Honorary Doctor of Letters degree from Rutgers University—New Brunswick during the commencement ceremony,  where she delivered a powerful speech on the "pursuit of life, liberty, meaningfulness, integrity, and truth.
The trio focused on the relationship between Othello 's wife Desdemona and her African nursemaid, Barbary, who is only briefly referenced in Shakespeare.
The play, a mix of words, music and song, premiered in Vienna in Morrison had stopped working on her latest novel when her son died.
She said that afterwards, "I stopped writing until I began to think, He would be really put out if he thought that he had caused me to stop.
She completed Home and dedicated it to her son Slade Morrison. In August , Oberlin College became the home base of the Toni Morrison Society,  an international literary society founded in , dedicated to scholarly research of Morrison's work.
Morrison's eleventh novel, God Help the Child , was published in It follows Bride, an executive in the fashion and beauty industry whose mother tormented her as a child for being dark-skinned — a childhood trauma that has dogged Bride her whole life.
Morrison was a member of the editorial advisory board of The Nation , a magazine started in by Northern abolitionists.
Morrison died at Montefiore Medical Center in The Bronx , New York City, on August 5, , from complications of pneumonia. She was 88 years old.
Upon her death, Morrison had a net worth of 20 million dollars. A memorial tribute was held for Morrison on November 21, , at the Cathedral of St.
John the Divine in the Morningside Heights neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City. At this gathering she was eulogized by, among others, Oprah Winfrey , Angela Davis , Michael Ondaatje , David Remnick , Fran Lebowitz , Ta-Nehisi Coates , and Edwidge Danticat.
In writing about the impeachment of Bill Clinton , she claimed that since Whitewater , Bill Clinton was being mistreated in the same way black people often are:.
Years ago, in the middle of the Whitewater investigation, one heard the first murmurs: white skin notwithstanding, this is our first black President.
Blacker than any actual black person who could ever be elected in our children's lifetime. After all, Clinton displays almost every trope of blackness: single-parent household, born poor, working-class, saxophone-playing, McDonald's-and-junk-food-loving boy from Arkansas.
The phrase "our first Black president" was adopted as a positive by Bill Clinton supporters. When the Congressional Black Caucus honored the former president at its dinner in Washington, D.
Eddie Bernice Johnson D-TX , the chair, told the audience that Clinton "took so many initiatives he made us think for a while we had elected the first black president.
In the context of the Democratic Primary campaign , Morrison stated to Time magazine: "People misunderstood that phrase. I said he was being treated like a black on the street, already guilty, already a perp.
I have no idea what his real instincts are, in terms of race. She said, "I felt very powerfully patriotic when I went to the inauguration of Barack Obama.
I felt like a kid. I want to see a cop shoot a white unarmed teenager in the back. And I want to see a white man convicted for raping a black woman.
Then when you ask me, 'Is it over? After the election of Donald Trump as President of the United States, Morrison wrote an essay, "Mourning for Whiteness," published in the November 21, issue of The New Yorker.
In it she argues that white Americans are so afraid of losing privileges afforded them by their race that white voters elected Trump, whom she described as being "endorsed by the Ku Klux Klan ", in order to keep the idea of white supremacy alive.
Although her novels typically concentrate on black women, Morrison did not identify her works as feminist. When asked in a interview, "Why distance oneself from feminism?
I don't subscribe to patriarchy, and I don't think it should be substituted with matriarchy. I think it's a question of equitable access, and opening doors to all sorts of things.
In , she responded to a question about the difference between black and white feminists in the s. And also the relationship with men.Molecular Life Science Morrison: Selbstachtung. Alle aktuellen BuchLink-Leseproben finden Sie hier. Ich bin mir aber auch bewusst, dass mich keiner ernst zu nehmen scheint. Toni Morrison war eine US-amerikanische Schriftstellerin. Sie zählt zu den bedeutendsten Vertretern der afroamerikanischen Literatur und erhielt als erste afroamerikanische Autorin den Literaturnobelpreis. Toni Morrison (eigentlich Chloe Ardelia Wofford; * Februar in Lorain, Ohio; † 5. August in New York City) war eine US-amerikanische. Discover Toni Morrison's most iconic work in this Pulitzer-prize winning novel that exemplifies her powerful and important place in contemporary American. Klassiker der Literaturgeschichte Toni Morrisons Roman „Menschenkind“ – Leidensweg einer Sklavin. STAND: , Uhr. Retrieved January 22, Human Verification:. Works by Toni Morrison. The play, a mix of words, music and song, premiered in Vienna in Cornell University. World Biography Mo-Ni Toni Morrison Biography Toni Morrison Biography. Related Stories. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Sky Receiver Energiesparmodus Entertainment 12 Books to Read If You Love Downton Abbey 12 Books by Trans Authors That You Need to Read Best Audre Lorde Books 4 February Books We Fell Head Over Heels for The 12 Must-Read Stephen King Novels 10 Exo The Eve Books You Should Read Right Now. She Obsidianschwert about a blind, old, black woman who Toni Morrisons approached by a group of young people. February Toni Morrison United States.